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Cheese: An Old Drug in a New Wrapper.
Subject: Hispanic-Americans|Heroin
Format: Electronic|Article
Length:
Year: 2012
Author: Maxwell, Jane Carlisle, et al.
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Dependence 126/1-2 (2012)
Corporate Author:
ID: L12-293
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22765999
Second URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871612001780
Publisher:
Abstract: La heroína "Cheese", una mezcla de heroína y otras drogas (generalmente difenhidramina y acetaminofén) apareció en escena en Dallas en el 2004 y rápidamente se hizo popular entre los jóvenes hispanos/latinos. Este estudio analizó datos de una variedad de fuentes en incidencia, muertes por dosis excesiva, tratamiento y tendencias de uso. Entre los usuarios menores de 20 años, las muertes por sobredosis alcanzó pico en 2006, el uso alcanzó pico en 2007, y admisiones para tratamiento en 2008. Los usuarios hispanoamericanos eran más propensos a aspirar la droga, y tendían a reportar menos problemas relacionados con las drogas que los usuarios no hispanos. Sólo aproximadamente la mitad de aquellos que buscan tratamiento había terminado el programa, y 60% de los ingresos correspondieron a personas que habían estado antes en tratamiento. (El primer enlace da acceso al resumen solamente. El segundo enlace, el cual puede no estar disponible para todos los usuarios, da acceso al texto completo)///""Cheese""heroin, a mixture of heroin and and other drugs (usually diphenhydramine and acetaminophen) appeared on scene in Dallas in 2004, and quickly became popular among young Hispanic-Americans. This study looked at data from a variety of sources on incidence, over-dose deaths, treatment and use trends. Among users under age 20, overdose deaths peaked in 2006, use peaked in 2007, and treatment admissions in 2008. Hispanic-American users were more likely to snort the drug, and they tended to report fewer drug-related problems than non-hispanic users. Only about half of those seeking treatment finished the program, and 60% of admissions were among people who had been in treatment before. (First link accesses abstract only. Second link, which may not be available to all users, accesses full-text.
OXY HELL (Oxycontin... the Gateway to Heroin)
Subject: Oxycontin|Heroin|Narcotics|Prescription Drugs|Drug Trafficking|Addiction|Massachusetts|Hispanic Americans db|
Format: AV|Electronic
Length: 43 min.
Year: 2012
Author:
Journal:
Corporate Author: YouTube
ID: 013-61
URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IwKqTAqm6Ww
Second URL:
Publisher:
Abstract: The state of Massachusetts has one of the highest rates of heroin addiction in the country, and overdose deaths now exceed those relaeted to auto accidents. (Over 3200 deaths over a 5 year period between 2002 and 2007.) Many addicts got started on their addiction through Oxycontin. This documentary puts a very human face on the problem by following two young addicts as they first became addicted, and have tried repeatedly to get clean. Frank was a high school athlete, pescribed the drugs to deal with the pain after a serious injury. He quickly became addicted to the prescribed meds, and when his doctor reduced his dose, began buying the pills on the street, stealing money from family and friends to cover the$60-$80 per pill cost. After a few months he was introduced to heroin, and found it to be a faster and much cheaper fix. Rebecca also became addicted in high school, introduced to oxycontin, and then to heroin, by her drug using/dealing boyfriend. With doctors in Massachuesetts now less likely to prescribe the pills, and many pharmacies no longer stocking them (after repeated robberies), most street-pills are now brought in from Florida, where they are easier to get. In an attempt to reduce the devastating death toll, some people have turned to a harm-reduction approach, providing Narcan to the family and friends of addicts. But the overall problem of addiction shows no signs of going away, or even declining. (Both young people profiled had relapsed by the end of the video, and were back on drugs.)
Potential Risk Factors for Injecting Among Mexican American Non-Injecting Heroin Users
Subject: IV Use|Risk Factors|Heroin|Hispanic-Americans|Mexican Americans|
Format: Article Electronic
Length:
Year: 2007
Author: Valdez, Avelardo, et al
Journal: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 6/2 (2007):4973.
Corporate Author:
ID: L11-63
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2621113/pdf/nihms-83746.pdf
Second URL:
Publisher: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Abstract: En este estudio, los usuarios de heroína mexicano-estadounidense (latinos) que nunca se .habían inyectado drogas fueron comparados con ex usuarios de drogas Intravenosas. 300 sujetos de estudio fueron encuestados en la línea de base y dos veces más a intervalos de 6 meses. Al inicio, todos los sujetos estaban usando en ese momento heroína. El 79% de los sujetos nunca se había inyectado drogas, mientras que el 21% lo hicieron en el pasado pero en ese momento no se inyectaba. Los resultados revelaron que los antiguos usuarios de IV tenían actitudes más positivas hacia la inyección, y 13% creía que tenían de media a alta probabilidad de reanudar la práctica en el futuro. Los investigadores analizaron también las asociaciones entre género, edad y otros factores demográficos y las prácticas de uso de drogas. Encontraron, por ejemplo, que las mujeres eran mucho más propensas que los hombres de haber tenido sexo con usuarios IV. Las mujeres también eran más propensas a reportar la depresión, pero ligeramente menos probable que hubieran intentado suicidarse.///In this study, Mexican-American heroin users who had never injected their drugs were compared with former IV drug users. 300 study subjects were surveyed at baseline, and twice more at 6 month intervals.At baseline, all subjects were currently using heroin. 79% of subjects had never injected drugs, while 21% had done so in the past but were not currently injecting. Findings revealed that former IV users had more positive attitudes towards injecting, and 13% believed that they had a medium to high chance of resuming the practice in the future. Researchers also looked at associations between gender, age, and other demographic factors and drug use practices. They found, for example, that women were far more likely than men to have had sex with IV users. Women were also more likely to report depression, but slighly less likely to have attempted suicide.
Heroin Abuse and Addiction - NIDA Research Report Series
Subject: Heroin|Spanish Speaking
Format: Electronic|Print
Length: 8 p.
Year: 2005
Author:
Journal:
Corporate Author: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
ID: P10-783
URL: http://www.nida.nih.gov/ResearchReports/Heroina/Heroina.html
Second URL: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/RRHeroin.pdf
Publisher: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Abstract: Documento en inglés y español que provee información general sobre el abuso de la heroína y su adicción para una audiencia no profesional. Los tópicos cubiertos incluyen estadísticas sobre el uso, cómo se usa la droga, efectos a corto y largo plazo sobre la salud (incluyendo el riesgo de HIV/Hepatitis por compartir agujas), riesgos particulares que enfrentan las mujeres embarazadas y tratamiento. También disponible en español (La Heroína: Abuso y Adicción) en http://www.nida.nih.gov/ResearchReports/Heroina/Heroina.html Document, available in both English and Spanish, provides general information about heroin abuse and addiction for a non-professional audience. Topics covered include statistics on use, how the drug is used, long and short term health effects (including risk of HIV/Hepititis from needle sharing), special risks faced by pregnant women, and treatment. Also available in English (La Heroína: Abuso y Adicción) at http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/repository/RRHeroin.pdf
La Heroína: Abuso y Adicción -- NIDA Serie de Reportes de Investigación
Subject: Heroin|Spanish Speaking|College Students db
Format: Electronic|Print
Length: 8 p.
Year: 2005
Author:
Journal:
Corporate Author: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
ID: P11-144
URL: http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/repository/RRHeroina.pdf
Second URL: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/RRHeroina.pdf
Publisher: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Abstract: Documento disponible en inglés y español que provee información general acerca del uso y adicción a la Heroína para una audiencia no profesional. Los tópicos tratados incluyen estadísticas sobre el uso, cómo se usa la droga, efectos a corto y largo plazo sobre la salud (incluyendo riesgos de HIV/Hepatitis como consecuencia del compartir agujas), riesgos especiales enfrentados por mujeres embarazadas y tratamiento. También disponible en inglés (Heroin Abuse and Addiction) en http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/RRHeroin.pdf ---- Document, available in both English and Spanish, provides general information about heroin abuse and addiction for a non-professional audience. Topics covered include statistics on use, how the drug is used, long and short term health effects (including risk of HIV/Hepititis from needle sharing), special risks faced by pregnant women, and treatment. Also available in English (Heroin Abuse and Addiction ) at English -- http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/RRHeroin.pdf
An Ethnographic Comparison of the Mexican American Drug Culture in El Paso Texas: 1987-1997
Subject: Mexican-Americans|Norms|Trends|Texas|Hispanic-Americans|Cultural Background|Ethnography|Heroin|Cocaine|IV Use|Spanish Speaking
Format: Print
Length: 39 p.
Year: 1998
Author: Ramos, Reyes
Journal:
Corporate Author: Mujeres Project
ID: 99- 26
URL:
Second URL: Copy 1
Publisher: Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Abstract: Los investigadores entrevistaron a sesenta actuales o recuperándose usuarios de drogas Intravenosas en El Paso, Texas, para aprender sobre la cultura de consumo de drogas tanto en esa ciudad como en Ciudad Juárez, cruzando el río en México. Noventa y siete por ciento de los sujetos de estudio eran norteamericanos de origen mexicano (latinos), y cerca de dos tercios eran hombres. Los usuarios de drogas en la comunidad son conocidos como “tecatos”, y el fármaco de elección es “speedball” (heroína y cocaína). Todos los usuarios de drogas entrevistados también bebieron cerveza y la mayoría uso marihuana. Los sujetos describieron sus experiencias con el uso de drogas y el tratamiento, la jerarquía social entre tecatos, métodos de tratamiento y de compra y su deseo de salir de las drogas. Incluye una colección rica de vocabulario en español relacionado con drogas utilizada en esta región, por ejemplo, medios (hits), mota (marihuana), jales (stuff), carga o mugrero (heroína), prendido (hooked), soda (cocaína) y mota (marihuana). ///Researchers interviewed sixty current or recovering IV drug users in El Paso, Texas, to learn about the drug-use culture in both that city and in Ciudad Juaraz, across the river in Mexico. Ninety-seven percent of survey subjects were Mexican-Americans, and about two thirds were male. Drug users in the community are known as tecatos, and the drug of choice is speedball (heroin and cocaine). All drug users interviewed also drank beer, and most used marijuana. Subjects described their experiences with drug use and treatment, the social hierarchy among tecatos, methods of dealing and purchase, and their wish to get off drugs. Includes rich collection of Spanish language drug-related vocabulary used in this region, e.g., medios (hits), mota (marijuana), jales (stuff), carga or mugrero (heroin), prendido (hooked), soda (cocaine), and mota (marijuana).
Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR)
Subject: Substance Abuse|Research Translation|Rehabilitation|College Students|Emerging Drugs|Alcohol|AMT|Benzodiazepines|Cocaine|Crack|DXM|Ecstasy|Ephedra|Foxy Methoxy|GHB|Heroin|Inhalants|Ketamine|Khat|LSC|Marijuana|Methadone|Methamphetamine|Oxycodone|PCP|Peyote/Mescaline|Ritalin|Rohypnol|Salvia Divinorum|Steroids|Tobacco|Yaba|Hispanic Americans db|
Format: Electronic|Website
Length: Website
Year:
Author:
Journal:
Corporate Author:
ID: P14-70
URL: http://www.cesar.umd.edu/
Second URL:
Publisher: University of Maryland
Abstract: Actualizado regularmente, este portal ofrece artículos e información sobre drogas populares y emergentes, así como los servicios de rehabilitación en el área de MD. Citando a la página web: "CESAR es uno de los principales institutos de investigación basados en universidades de la nación cuestiones relacionadas con el alcohol y otras drogas. Equipo de investigación multidisciplinario de CESAR compone de epidemiólogos, sociólogos, psicólogos, criminólogos, estadísticos y expertos en demografía. Este equipo de expertos permite CESAR a: monitorear las tendencias de drogas; desarrollar métodos innovadores para identificar tendencias emergentes de drogas; Llevar a cabo programas de investigación política relevantes. Diseñar programas de prevención de drogas; Evaluar programas de prevención, intervención y tratamiento de drogas; Prestar asistencia técnica a agencias estatales y locales; Formar a los estudiantes en métodos de investigación de abuso de sustancias y análisis de políticas"///Regularly updated, this website offers articles and information on popular and emerging drugs, as well as rehabilitation services in the MD area. Quoting the website: ""CESAR is one of the nation’s premier university-based research institutes addressing issues related to alcohol and other drugs. CESAR’s multidisciplinary research team comprises epidemiologists, sociologists, psychologists, criminologists, statisticians, and demographic experts. This expert team enables CESAR to: Monitor drug trends; evelop innovative methods to identify emerging drug trends; Conduct policy-relevant research Design drug-prevention programs; Evaluate drug-prevention, intervention, and treatment programs; Provide technical assistance to state and local agencies; Train students in substance abuse research methods and policy analysis.""
 
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