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Discrimination, Acculturation and Other Predictors of Depression among Pregnant Hispanic Women
Subject: Depression (Psychology)|Stress|Acculturation|Women|Pregnancy|Hispanic Americans db
Format: Electronic,Article
Length:
Year: 2012
Author: Walker, Janice L. et al
Journal: Ethnicity & Disease Vol. 22(4): 497–503.
Corporate Author:
ID: 15-648
URL: http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC3503150
Second URL:
Publisher: Europe PubMed Central
Abstract: Study examined the roles of socioeconomic status, acculturative stress, discrimination, and marginalization in depression among pregnant Hispanic-American women. Study subjects were 515 pregnant women recruited from obstetric practices in Texas. Each subject completed a survey at about 22-24 weeks into her pregnancy. (A time when the fetal neuroendrocine system is developing, and mother's stress hormones may have particular effects on fetal development.) Researchers found that marginization and discrimination were significant factors in depression, while acculuration differences were not.
Latent Growth Trajectories of Substance Use among Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents.
Subject: Alcohol Use|Marijuana|Smoking|Females|Blacks|Pregnancy|Adolescents|Hispanic Americans|
Format: Article Electronic
Length:
Year: 2010
Author: Spears, Gwendolyn V.
Journal: Psychology of Addictive Behavior. 24/2 (June, 2010)
Corporate Author:
ID: P12-32
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3008750/pdf/nihms241170.pdf
Second URL:
Publisher:
Abstract: This longitudinal study of pregnant African-American and Latina adolescents examined how substance use patterns changed over the course of the pregnancy and in the early months of parenthood. Data was taken from a larger study focusing on HIV prevention and was collected at 4 points during the pregnancy and post-partum period. Subjects were asked about past use of cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana, current use at every stage of data collection, and the use of hard drugs by boyfriends. They were also asked questions assessing self-esteem, religiosity, depression, and acculturation. Self-reported substance use rates were very low throughout the pregnancies, with 2-4% of subjects reporting current use of any substance. Past use, however, was common, and use rates increased after the babies were born. Mothers who had previously used substances, who had a partner/boyfriend who used, or who had a history of child abuse were more likely to begin/return to use after giving birth. Study emphasizes the importance of continued support and education for these young women, and researchers suggest that appealing to maternal feelings of protectiveness may be an effective tool.
Intimate Partner Violence, Depression, and PTSD Among Pregnant Latina Women
Subject: Depression (Psychology)|Females|Pregnancy|Violence|Family Violence|Hispanic Americans db
Format: Electronic,Article
Length:
Year: 2008
Author: Rodriguez, Michael A. et al
Journal: Annals of Family Medicine. Vol. 6/1 (2008)
Corporate Author:
ID: 15-650
URL: http://www.genderbias.net/docs/resources/guideline/Intimate%20Partner%20Violence,%20Depression,%20and.pdf
Second URL:
Publisher:
Abstract: Study of 210 pregnant Latina women examined associations between depression and intimate partner violence. In the U.S. about 5% of pregnant women experience abuse from an intimate partner. These women are much more likely to have an unplanned pregnancy, delay getting prenatal care, and experience complications during pregnancy or birth. This study also found connections between violence/abuse and PTSD and depression.
Acculturation and Cigarette Smoking Among Pregnant Hispanic Women Residing in the United States.
Subject: Smoking|Pregnancy|Prenatal Influences|Hispanic-Americans|Acculturation|Females
Format: Article|Electronic
Length:
Year: 2007
Author: Detjen, M. Gabrielle, et al.
Journal: American Journal of Public Health 97/11 (2007): 2040-2047.
Corporate Author:
ID: L08-54
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2040362/?tool=pubmed
Second URL:
Publisher: American Public Health Association
Abstract: Las mujeres hispanas/latinas son menos propensas a fumar que las mujeres blancas y negras no hispanas. (Aproximadamente el 11% de las mujeres hispanas son fumadores en la actualidad, en comparación con el 23% de las blancas y 18% de las negras). Las tasas de tabaquismo entre las mujeres hispanas embarazadas son aun menores (2,7%, en comparación con el 14% de las mujeres blancas y 8% de las mujeres negras). Las tasas también varían con el país de origen, las mujeres puertorriqueñas fuman mucho más a menudo que las mujeres de origen mexicano o cubano. Aunque las tasas de tabaquismo son generalmente bajas en esta población, son considerablemente más altas que en los países de origen, donde fumar es extremadamente infrecuente entre las mujeres. Este estudio se centró en los niveles de aculturación entre las mujeres hispanoamericanas para determinar si influye en las tasas de tabaquismo. Los datos fueron tomados de “the Latina Gestational Diabetes Study” y miró 1231 embarazadas hispanoamericanas viviendo en Massachusetts durante un período de 5 años entre 2000 y 2004. Los sujetos eran jóvenes en su mayoría, de bajos ingresos, en el Programa Medicaid y tenía educación secundaria o más abajo. Aproximadamente la mitad eran extranjeras o nacidas en Puerto Rico, y 66% hablaban principalmente inglés. El 21% de las mujeres en el estudio reportaron fumar durante el embarazo. Las mujeres nacidas en los EE.UU. que hablaba principalmente inglés fueron casi tres veces más propensas a fumar que las mujeres nacidas en el extranjero o en Puerto Rico que preferían hablar en español. Estos resultados indican que la aculturación está fuertemente correlacionada con el aumento de las tasas de tabaquismo, y apunta a una particular necesidad de programas de educación y para dejar de fumar dirigidos a esta población en particular.//Hispanic-American women are less likely to smoke than non-Hispanic white and black women. (An estimated 11% of Hispanic women are current smokers, compared to 23% of whites and 18% of blacks.) Smoking rates among pregnant Hispanic women are even lower (2.7%, compared with 14% of white women and 8% of black women.) Rates also vary with country of origin, with Puerto Rican women smoking much more often than women of Mexican or Cuban backgrounds. While smoking rates are generally low among this population, they are considerably higher than in the countries of origin, where smoking is extremely uncommon among women. This study looked at levels of acculturation among Hispanic-American women to determine if it influences smoking rates. Data was taken from the Latina Gestational Diabetes Study, and looked at 1231 pregnant Hispanic-American women living in Massachusetts over a 5 year period between 2000-2004. Most subjects were young, low income, on medicaid and had high school educations or below. Approximately half were foreign or Puerto Rican born, and 66% were primarily English speaking. 21% of of the women in the study reported smoking during pregnancy. U.S. born women who primarily spoke English were nearly three times as likely to smoke as foreign or Puerto Rican born women who preferred to speak Spanish. These results indicate that acculturation is strognly correlated with increased rates of smoking, and point to a particular need for education and cessation programs targeted at this particular population.
La Bebida y su embarazo
Subject: Pregnancy|Prenatal Influences|Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)|Spanish Speaking|Hispanic Americans
Format: Electronic|Print
Length: 6 p.
Year: 2006
Author:
Journal:
Corporate Author:
ID: P10-59
URL: http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/repository/pregnancy_spanish.pdf
Second URL: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/DrinkingPregnancy_HTMLSpan/pregnancy_spanish.pdf
Publisher: National Institute of Health (NIH)
Abstract: Panfleto en español que informa a las mujeres embarazadas acerca de los peligros de tomar licor durante el embarazo.///Spanish language pamphlet informs pregnant women about the dangers of drinking during pregnancy.
Bridging Two Worlds: How Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs Can Better Serve Latino Youth
Subject: Pregnancy|Hispanic-Americans|Adolescents
Format: Electronic|Print
Length: 40 p.
Year: 2006
Author: Erika Johanna Vexler|Katherine Suellentrop
Journal:
Corporate Author:
ID: P10-65
URL: http://www.whatkidscando.org/featurestories/2008/04_immigrant_students/pdf/Bridging_Two_Worlds.pdf
Second URL:
Publisher: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy|Turner Foundation, Inc.
Abstract: La tasa de natalidad adolescente entre las jóvenes latinas es significativamente superior a la de otras poblaciones. (51% de las mujeres latinas quedan embarazadas por lo menos una vez antes de los 20 años, en comparación con el 35% de la población en su conjunto). Esto, combinado con la alta de deserción secundaria y las tasas de pobreza, sugiere una fuerte necesidad de programas de embarazo para adolescente dirigidos a esta población. Las adolescentes Latinas son más propensas a tener relaciones sexuales con parejas mayores y menos propensas a usar anticonceptivos. Embarazo intencional, por la niña, el niño o ambos también son más comunes. Muchos programas que han mostrado cierta efectividad entre los adolescentes blancos y afroamericanos no se han encontrado que sean eficaces para las Latinas. Este documento analiza, en detalle considerable, estas disparidades y ofrece sugerencias para los programas que han demostrado ser eficaces en la reducción de las tasas de embarazo adolescente entre esta población.///The teen birthrate among young Latina women is significantly higher than for other populations. (51% of Latina women become pregnant at least once before age 20, compared to 35% among the population as a whole.) This, combined with high high school drop out rates and poverty rates suggests a strong need for teen pregnancy programs targeted at this population. Latina teens are more likely to have sex with older partners, and less likely to use contraception. Intentional pregnancy, by either the girl, the boy, or both are also more common. Many programs that have shown some effectiveness among white and African-American teens have not been found to be effective for Latinas. This document discusses, in considerable detail, these disparities, and offers suggestions for programs that have been proven effective in reducing teen pregnancy rates among this population.
El alcohol puede dañar la habilidad de su bebé para aprender y para comportarse
Subject: Spanish Speaking|Pregnancy|Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)|Hispanic Americans|Prenatal Influences
Format: Electronic|Print
Length: 2 p.
Year: 2004
Author:
Journal:
Corporate Author: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
ID: P10-77
URL: http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/repository/brochure_pregnant_sp.pdf
Second URL: http://www.fascenter.samhsa.gov/documents/brochure_pregnant_sp.pdf
Publisher: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Abstract: Breve folleto en español sobre los peligros del uso de alcohol durante el embarazo.///Brief Spanish-language brochure on the dangers of alcohol use during pregnancy.
 
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